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英语学习:写作常用高级替换词

出国 中国日报网(北京) 2018-02-22 09:44:00
[摘要]
英语学习:写作常用高级替换词

  1.重要的 (important )

  vital

  【例句】She had found out some information of vital importance.

  【翻译】她已经发现了一些至关重要的信息

  crucial

  【例句】It is crucial that the problem is tackled immediately.

  【翻译】立即着手解决这个问题是至关重要的。

  prominent

  【例句】This considerable increase in investment played a prominent role in fueling economic growth.

  【翻译】投资的较大幅度增加,对拉动经济增长发挥了明显作用。

  cardinal ['kɑ?d(?)n(?)l]

  【例句】Respect for life is a cardinal principle of English law.

  【翻译】尊重生命是英国法律最重要的原则。

  2.优秀的 (good )

  excellent

  【例句】She has always had a high reputation for her excellent short stories.

  【翻译】她一直因其优秀的短篇小说享有很高的声望。

  outstanding

  【例句】The girl who won the scholarship was quite outstanding.

  【翻译】得奖学金的女孩是相当优秀的。

  extraordinary

  【例句】Her strength of will was extraordinary.

  【翻译】她的意志力是非凡的.

  remarkable

  【例句】The economic diplomacy of China is characterized by distinctive features and remarkable achievements.

  【翻译】中国的经济外交具有鲜明的特点和卓越的成就.

  3.有趣的 (interesting )

  amusing

  【例句】Do not hesitate to laugh at anything you find amusing.

  【翻译】只要觉得好笑就尽管笑。

  entertaining

  【例句】This is an entertaining yet thought-provoking film.

  【翻译】这部电影令人捧腹,却又发人深省。

  engaging

  【例句】His engaging personality made him popular with his peers.

  【翻译】他迷人的个性使他深受同龄人的喜爱。

  energetic dynamic

  【例句】South Asia continues to be the most dynamic economic region in the world.

  【翻译】南亚仍然是世界上最具活力的经济区。

  vigorous

  【例句】We urge vigorous action to be taken immediately.

  【翻译】我们强烈要求立即采取有力措施。

  animated

  【例句】His observations gave rise to an animated and lively discussion.

  【翻译】他的言论引起了一场气氛热烈而活跃的讨论.

  4.充足的(abundant)

  ample

  【例句】Agriculture has developed rapidly, thus providing light industry with ample raw materials.

  【翻译】农业迅速发展, 从而为轻工业提供了充足的原料。

  plentiful

  【例句】Hot climate and plentiful rainfall favor the growth of plants.

  【翻译】炎热的气候和充足的雨水有助于植物生长.

  generous

  【例句】No one is expecting a very generous pay increase this year.

  【翻译】没有人指望今年会有大幅度的工资增长。

  5.勇敢的(brave)

  courageous

  【例句】The pioneers are courageous indeed, overcoming one difficulty after another.

  【翻译】这些开拓者的确有勇气, 他们克服了一个又一个的困难。

  bold

  【例句】Big, successful moves need bold, masterful managers.

  【翻译】重大而成功的举措需要既大胆又善于控制局势的经理来实施。

  fearless

  【例句】To go in for technical innovation, one must have the fearless spirit of a pathbreaker.

  【翻译】搞技术革新就要有一股不怕困难的闯劲。

  6.合理的reasonable

  sound

  【例句】She gave me some very sound advice.

  【翻译】她给了我一些非常合理的建议。

  rational

  【例句】There is no rational explanation for his actions.

  【翻译】对他的所作所为无法作出合理的解释。

  sensible

  【例句】It would seem more sensible to apply standards flexibly rather than rigidly.

  【翻译】灵活地运用标准比死守标准会显得更合情合理。

  7.著名的 (famous)

  renowned

  【例句】The region is renowned for its outstanding natural beauty.

  【翻译】该地区以其无以伦比的自然风景闻名于世。

  noticeable

  【例句】The class has made noticeable improvement.

  【翻译】这个班已有引人注目的进步。

  notable

  【例句】The book stands out as one of the notable landmarks in the progress of modern science.

  【翻译】这部著作是现代科学发展史上著名的里程碑之一。

  8.有益的(helpful)

  favorable

  【例句】Such events occur only when the external conditions are favorable.

  【翻译】这种事情只有在外部条件有利时才会发生。

  beneficial

  【例句】It can be beneficial to share your feelings with someone you trust.

  【翻译】向自己信任的人倾诉感情是很有益处的。

  rewarding

  【例句】It is a very rewarding exercise to work this out oneself.

  【翻译】独自解决这个问题是一次受益匪浅的锻炼。

  9.许多(many)

  numerous

  【例句】Numerous factories have sprung up in this once desolate area.

  【翻译】过去这一带满目苍凉,现在却有了无数的工厂。

  a host of

  【例句】The special theory of relativity has raised a host of questions.

  【翻译】狭义相对论引出了许多问题。

  a multitude of

  【例句】I was awed by the multitude of stars in the night sky.

  【翻译】夜空中的繁星震撼了我。

  10.不同的(different)

  various

  【例句】These data have been collected from various sources.

  【翻译】这些数据是从各方面搜集来的。

  a variety of

  【例句】A variety of heavy industries grew up alongside the port.

  【翻译】各种重工业沿着港口逐渐发展起来。

  diverse

  【例句】People hold diverse attitudes toward these new regulations.

  【翻译】人们对于这些新规定抱有不同的态度。

  11.普遍的(common)

  commonplace

  【例句】Yet on the most commonplace occasion I can never know your thoughts.

  【翻译】然而即便在最普通的场合我也琢摸不透你的心思。

  universal

  【例句】Such problems are a universal feature of senior citizens.

  【翻译】这类问题是老年人的通病。

  pervasive

  【例句】It is the most pervasive compound on earth.

  【翻译】它是地球上最普遍的化合物.

  12.唯一的(only)

  solely

  【例句】Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement.

  【翻译】成功与否不应只用学业成绩来衡量。

  unique

  【例句】The examples are unique to this dictionary.

  【翻译】这些例证是这部词典独有的。

  merely

  【例句】You are merely reciting facts that you have learned by rote.

  【翻译】你只是在背诵自己死记硬背下来的东西。

  13.贫穷的(poor)

  needy

  【例句】Needy and handicapped people depend on government relief for their support.

  【翻译】穷人和残疾人依靠政府的救济维持生计。

  impoverished

  【例句】The rural people have been impoverished by a collapsing economy.

  【翻译】经济崩溃使农村地区的人们一贫如洗。

  in poverty

  【例句】He was bred up in poverty.

  【翻译】他是在贫苦的生活环境中长大的。

  14.富裕的(rich)

  wealthy

  【例句】All of them came from wealthy, upper class families.

  【翻译】他们全部来自富有的上流社会家庭。

  well-heeled

  【例句】Both families are reasonably well-heeled and comfortably-off.

  【翻译】两家人都相当富有,都生活得很舒适。

  well-to-do

  【例句】She comes from a well-to-do family.

  【翻译】她出身于一个小康之家。

  15.大的(big)

  vast

  【例句】The pollution has already turned vast areas into a wasteland.

  【翻译】污染已经使大片地区沦为不毛之地。

  massive

  【例句】We needed to reskill our workforce to cope with massive technological change.

  【翻译】我们得让工人学习新技能,以应对巨大的技术变革。

  enormous

  【例句】The enormous difficulty makes him cynical about the feasibility of the idea.

  【翻译】巨大的困难让他对这个主意是否可行持怀疑态度。

  16.新的 (new)

  brand-new

  【例句】Net Electronic Map has become a brand-new way for showing the geographic information.

  【翻译】网上电子地图已成为一种全新的地理信息展示方式。

  fresh

  【例句】The company seemed set to make a fresh start under a new broom.

  【翻译】公司似乎准备在新任领导的带领下开创新局面。

  novel

  【例句】Protesters found a novel way of demonstrating against steeply rising oil prices.

  【翻译】抗议者找到了抗议油价飞涨的新办法。

编辑:李娜

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